Cellulite is a term used to describe the dimpled appearance of skin caused by fat deposits that are just below the surface of the skin. It generally appears on skin in the abdomen, lower limbs, and pelvic region, and it usually occurs after puberty.
Cellulite is often classified using three grades:
Grade 1 classification sees no clinical symptoms, but a microscopic examination of cells from the area detects underlying anatomical changes.
Grade 2 cellulite requires the skin to show pallor (pastiness), be lower temperature, and have decreased elasticity in addition to anatomical changes noted by microscopic examinations.
Grade 3 cellulite has visible roughness of the skin (like an orange peel) along with all grade 2 signs. Cellulite occurs in both men and women, but it is much more common in women because they are more likely to have particular types of fat and connective tissue.
What causes cellulite?
The causes of cellulite are not well understood, but there are several theories that have been put forth as explanations. Among these are:
Hormonal factors – hormones likely play an important role in cellulite development. Many believe estrogen, insulin, noradrenaline, thyroid hormones, and prolactin are part of the cellulite production process.
Genetics – certain genes are required for cellulite development. Genes may predispose an individual to particular characteristics associated with cellulite, such as gender, race, slow metabolism, distribution of fat just underneath the skin, and circulatory insufficiency.
Diet – people who eat too much fat, carbohydrates, or salt and too little fiber are likely to have greater amounts of cellulite.
Lifestyle factors – cellulite may be more prevalent in smokers, those who do not exercise, and those who sit or stand in one position for long periods of time.
Clothing – underwear with tight elastic across the buttocks (limiting blood flow) may contribute to the formation of cellulite.
On the left is normal skin, on the right skin where cellulite has formed. Note the weakened connective tissue between the layers that has allowed the fat to bulge.
WHAT TO DO?
“Cellulite is not a cosmetic issue,” says Wayne Westcott, Ph.D., director of research programs at the South Shore YMCA in Quincy, Mass., and the mastermind behind the workout. “It’s an issue of having too much fat and too little muscle. Putting effort into the right exercise program can produce big changes in your cellulite situation and major improvements in your appearance.” (Shape magazine)
Anti cellulite massage has been proved to assist in the cellulite reduction if done in combination with proper diet, exercise etc. You can do it yourself!
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WHAT TO EAT?
Drinking lots of water will also help flush the body and remove toxins more rapidly than dieting alone.
Foods may help combat cellulite. A diet high in essential fatty acids and antioxidant minerals will help regulate our body’s fat metabolism. Oily fishes, nuts and seeds are good selections in this category.
• Strawberries, raspberries, blueberries: berries are rich in bioflavonoids, vitamin C and salicylic acid, substances that help maintain strong capillary walls and have diuretic properties.
• Pineapple and papaya: they contain special enzymes that can fight even the most stubborn water retention. However, these substances are mainly concentrated in the less edible parts of the fruits, like, the stem of pineapple and the leaves of papaya.
For this reason, it would be a good idea to make a tea by mixing these parts of the fruit in their dried form.
• Citrus fruits: oranges, lemons and grapefruit are rich in vitamin C, which protects the capillaries. Lemon is also rich in citrates, substances that help circulation and eliminate toxins.
• Cherries: they have powerful diuretic and detoxifying properties. The fruit is useful to combat constipation and hydrate the body.
• Kiwi: it is high in vitamin C, which strengthens the capillaries and combats constipation.
• Banana: it contains a lot of potassium that reduces fluid retention, caused by sodium.
• Asparagus: this vegetable contains substances, called saponins, which have a quick and efficient diuretic effect.
• Tomatoes they contain anthocyanins, elements that promote healthy capillaries.
• Peppers: they are rich in bioflavonoids and improve the state of blood vessels and the proper functioning of the intestines.
• Chicory: it is rich in substances (such as vitamin C and chlorophyll) that combat water retention.
• Radicchio: it contains plenty of vitamin C and minerals like potassium that have a slightly laxative action, which is essential to get rid of toxins.
• Fish: it is rich in protein and omega 3, which promote good blood and lymphatic circulation and can help you maintain strong muscles.
• Cucumbers: this vegetable in the ideal anti-cellulite food, due to its high water content (it contains more than 96.5% water).
• White meat (chicken, turkey): it contains a good amount of iron and is rich in monounsaturated acids, which promote good blood circulation.
• Cinnamon: Cinnamon is one of the most popular spices, and some believe that there is a connection between cinnamon and a reduction in cellulite. Cellulite is related to poor circulation, and cinnamon increases circulation in the system, helping to stimulate the elimination of built-up toxins, such as cellulite, in the body. One half teaspoon sprinkled on oatmeal, cereal or in tea is all that is needed per day to reap the benefits of this spice
• Beverages: Green tea is a strong anti-cellulite beverage. It is an antioxidant that prevents tissue damage, and it also boosts adrenalin production. By boosting adrenalin production, calories are burned more efficiently and around the clock, which prevents fat and toxins from storing in the body. Water is another important beverage to drink plenty of on a daily basis. Water encourages the body to eliminate toxins and keeps them from building up in the body. By regularly flushing out toxins, cellulite is flushed out and new cellulite is slow to form.
Foods You Should Avoid
– Some foods may make cellulite appear worse. None of us want that so it’s best you limit your intake of these foods or avoid them all together. The worst offenders include alcohol (which dehydrates your body), refined foods (including foods high in artificial additives and sweeteners), soda, and eating a diet overly high in animal protein.
– Salt is overused by many people and is one of the factors involved in the process cellulite. Do not forget that this is partly caused by water trapped in the tissues, and it’s precisely the salt which retains the liquid substance. It is therefore important reduce it as much as possible to prevent such retention and also to facilitate the escape of retained liquid. For the same reason, you should avoid eating canned food because it is used salt to its preservation. Meals can be enhanced perfectly using spices and herbs as a dressing.